Functionalism: Talcott Parsons, Niklas Luhmann, Functional Theories of Grammar, Arne Jacobsen, Herbert Spencer, Structural Functionalism, Robert K. Merton, Functionalism Versus Intentionalism, Bronislaw Malinowski, Alfred Radcliffe-Brown

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General Books LLC, Aug 29, 2011 - Social Science - 154 pages
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 64. Chapters: Talcott Parsons, Niklas Luhmann, Functional theories of grammar, Arne Jacobsen, Herbert Spencer, Structural functionalism, Robert K. Merton, Functionalism versus intentionalism, Bronis aw Malinowski, Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, Functionalism in international relations, Functional discourse grammar, Neofunctionalism, Altercasting, Biological functionalism, The Davis-Moore hypothesis, Defective democracy, Uta Gerhardt, Danish Functionalism, Functional structuralism. Excerpt: Talcott Parsons (December 13, 1902 - May 8, 1979) was an American sociologist who served on the faculty of Harvard University from 1927 to 1973. Parsons developed a general theory for the study of society called action theory, based on the methodological principle of voluntarism and the epistemological principle of analytical realism. The theory attempted to establish a balance between two major methodological traditions, that of the utilitarian-positivist tradition on the one hand and the hermeneutic-idealistic tradition on the other. For Parsons, voluntarism established a third alternative between these two. More than a theory of society, Parsons presented a theory of social evolution and a concrete interpretation of the "drives" and directions of world history. Parsons analyzed the work of mile Durkheim and Vilfredo Pareto and evaluated their contributions within the light of the paradigm of voluntaristic action. Parsons was also largely responsible for introducing and interpreting Max Weber's work to American audiences. Although he was generally considered a major structuralist functionalist scholar, in an article late in life, Parsons explicitly wrote that the term "functional" or "structural functionalist" were inappropriate ways to describe the character of his theory. For Parsons "structural functionalism" was the term of a particular stage i...

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